What are the three phases of Industrialization?

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ecofan74 | College Teacher | (Level 1) Associate Educator

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The process of industrialization, though complex, can be divided into three distinct phases.  The first phases consists in a division of labor.  Doing so allows not only for the production of a diverse array of products but also for the development of specialization within the working population.  The operational level of this phase remains rather small.

The second phase of industrialization, however, allows the process to increase in scale.  During the second phase, workers who have developed specializations during the course of the first phase are gathered into a collective setting:  factories.  The presence of factories in the industrial process certainly increases the efficiency with which workers finish their products.  In addition, factories allow for much greater productivity.  This phase marks the beginnings of large scale - and even national - labor and industrial systems.

The third phase of industrialization capitalizes on the results of the first two.  Where the second phase introduces the increased efficiency and productivity of the factory environment, the third phase introduces machinery into the mix.  This further increases productivity and efficiency, and the design of machinery also contributes to the importance of specialization in industry.  The presence of machines also marks the culmination of large scale industry.

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