Hi Bieber 11,
The list of events within Watteau's lifetime is accurate but there were wide-sweeping changes of thought during the eighteenth century in every phase of European society. The beginnings of Industrialism, revolutions in America and France with the birth of modern democracy and the resulting confusion was reflected in the art of the time.
The new art form that Watteau embraced was called Rococo, which was centered in France. This new style replaced a grandiose style of art called Baroque and substituted gaiety, charm and wit for formality and excess. The Rococo style was a product of its time and served to highlight the more intimate life of elegant society.
Jean-Antoine Watteau lived between 1684 - 1721, below are some of the events that happened in his lifetime along with a few links. Hope this helps.
1685 - Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes and begins persecutions of Huguenots
1688 - James II flees England
1689 - Peter the Great assumes Russian throne
1692 - Salem witch trials
1701 - War of the Spanish Succession begins
1701 - Prussia becomes a kingdom
1708 - J.S. Bach appointed as chamber musician at the court in Weimar
1714 War of the Spanish Succession Ends
1715 - Louis XIV dies
1717 - The Mississippi Scheme leads to increased settlement in Louisiana
1719 - Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe