The Yellow River, also the third longest river in Asia, is important as it really served to supply the Yellow River Valley (also known as the cradle of Chinese civilization) with water for agriculture and a trading route. It flows from the Bayan Har mountains in Qinghai to the Bohai Sea and is around 3400 miles long. It was also the source of great destruction throughout history, and although floods do not occur as often now with modern flood control techniques, it overflowed its banks time and time again and killed thousands of people and destroyed huge swathes of farmland and towns.
As noted before, in recent times floods have been managed by modern dams and preventative measures like breaking up ice dams in Inner Mongolia with explosives before they grow large enough to spell disaster farther downstream. The last major flood was in 1931, which killed an estimated one to four million people and is considered the deadliest natural disaster ever.
The Yellow River is the 3rd longest river in Asia with a length of 3,395 miles. Originating in the Bayan Har Mountains in Western China, the yellow river flows through nine provinces and empties into the Bohai Sea. The Yellow River is sometimes referred to as the cradle of Chinese civilization.
The reason for the river's nickname is because the basin of the river was where ancient Chinese civilization originated and it was the most prosperous region in ancient Chinese history.