The setting in The Hunger Games plays a pivotal role in the development of the plot and action. As the novel begins in District 12, the reader gets a first hand understanding of the poverty and degradation felt by all of the inhabitants of the districts as opposed to the rich opulent life of the citizens who live in the Capitol. As Katniss and Peeta journey to the Capitol, the rising action of the novel intensifies, because the characters move closer to the action of the Hunger Games themselves.
Finally, in the arena, the setting plays an even more intense role in the story, as the constructin of the arena is such that it forces the tributes to make game changing decisions; for example, Katniss has to move in order to find water, or later she must travel to the Cornucopia at great personal risk to find much needed supplies. The setting of The Hunger Games plays a critical role in the development of the novel, influencing the characters' actions and decisions throughout the storyline.