What is the importance of setting in the book/movie Hunger Games?

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Kristen Lentz eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The setting inThe Hunger Gamesplays a pivotal role in revealing the differences between the Capitol and the Districts, as well as

Collins uses the setting to differentiate between the conspicuous consumption found in the Capitol and the 'have-nots' of the Districts.  The setting of the Capitol is decadent and larger than life, where "although evening is fallin, the "City Circle is brigher than a summer's day" (124).

Katniss feels over-whelmed by the luxury of her quarters, where everything is "plush" and "have so many automatic gadgets that [she's] sure [she] won't have tim to press all the buttons" (75).

The Capitol represents a life of leisure and consumerism.  Standing in stark opposition, the Districts reflect hardship and sacrifice, where citizens barter for necessities in "an abandoned warehouse that once held coal" and the local soup seller finds "wild dog" a welcome ingredient, because "once it's in the soup, [she'll] call it beef" (11).   The Districts focus merely on trying to survive from moment to moment with families who:

 "will pull their shutters, lock their doors, and try to figure out how they will survive the painful weeks to come" (10). 

 Collin's use of setting reveals important details and characterization between the Districts and the Capitol.