What is the importance of communication with others in Macbeth?

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lsumner | High School Teacher | (Level 2) Senior Educator

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When Malcolm and Macduff meet in Act four, Scene three, there is an importance in communication. Malcolm initially lies to Macduff, testing Macduff's loyalty to Scotland. Malcolm states that he is far more wretched than Macbeth. He contends that he is greedy and lustful and desires to fulfill his lust with Scotland's innocent people.

Macduff, convinced that Malcolm is dishonorable, cries out for his countyland, "Scotland, Scotland."

When Malcolm is certain that Macduff is loyal to Scotland, he communicates that he has been lying to test Macduff's loyalty. Through this communication between Malcolm and Macduff, the record is set straight and the two of them combine efforts to rid Scotland of the evil Macbeth. Malcolm communicates his innocence wnd worthiness to rule Scotland:

MALCOLM:
Macduff, this noble passion, Child of integrity, hath from my soul(130) Wiped the black scruples, reconciled my thoughts To thy good truth and honor. Devilish Macbeth By many of these trains hath sought to win me Into his power, and modest wisdom plucks me From over-credulous haste. But God above(135) Deal between thee and me! For even now I put myself to thy direction and Unspeak mine own detraction; here abjure The taints and blames I laid upon myself, For strangers to my nature. I am yet(140) Unknown to woman, never was forsworn, Scarcely have coveted what was mine own, At no time broke my faith, would not betray The devil to his fellow, and delight No less in truth than life. My first false speaking(145) Was this upon myself. What I am truly, Is thine and my poor country's to command: Whither indeed, before thy here-approach, Old Siward, with ten thousand warlike men, Already at a point, was setting forth.(150) Now we'll together, and the chance of goodness Be like our warranted quarrel! Why are you silent?

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