What is the importance of balance of power in international relations?

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Kyleigh Macejkovic eNotes educator | Certified Educator

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Balance of power in international relations is really important. By power, we mean not only the military power, but financial prowess and political clout as well. An imbalance of military power causes one nation or a group of nations to impose themselves on other countries. This could result in one-sided business and military decisions, including adverse business practices, anti-dumping duties, military incursions, etc. Then there is the issue of financial and political clout of certain countries, which causes undue advantages to these countries. An...

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kandi125 | Student

Balance of power is important in international relations to ensure that one country or state does not feel all powerful over other countries and states with whom it trades or interacts by some other means. The aforementioned feeling of supremacy can result in international parties wanting to overtake the borders of other nations because they believe that with their power they have the right to do so. For instance, look at Russia's quest to reclaim the Ukraine as a part of its country's borders.

Balance of power is also important in international relations to ensure that every country has a voice in our world which has become interconnected due to globalization. This is to safeguard the participation of every country, especially underdeveloped ones, in trade deals and international conferences, as well prevent the unfair leveling of trade embargoes on countries because their economy is weaker than that of another.

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