What is the importance of Athena in Homer's "The Odyssey?"

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In Greek mythology, the goddess Athena was Zeus' daughter, and played a major role in Homer's epic story The Odyssey.  As the protector of the hero, Odysseus' son, Telemachus, she helps steer the young man through his journey in search of his father, while also advising and advocating on Odysseus' behalf with her father, Zeus, while Poseidon, god of the oceans and seas, plots Odysseus' demise.

Athena appears throughout The Odyssey in her role as guardian of Telemachus, accepting from her a spear:

"And when they were within the imposing height house, he bore the spear and set it against a tall pillar in a polished spear-rack, where were set many spears...

(The entire section contains 329 words.)

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