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How did European countries justify their imperialism?

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According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, imperialism is "the policy, practice, or advocacy of extending the power or dominion of a nation especially by direct territorial acquisitions or by gaining indirect control over the political or economic life of other areas." European imperialism began in the sixteenth, century when explorers from Europe looked for new trade routes to the Far East, explored the Americas, and colonized North America, South America, and Asia. This time period is referred to as the era of Old Imperialism.

The era of New Imperialism began in the nineteenth century, when European powers established extensive empires in Africa, the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and China. These empires were set up in the wake of technological, scientific, and industrial advances brought about by the Industrial Revolution. The European powers that participated in both the old and new eras had several justifications for their imperialism.

Firstly, and above...

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