Sir Syed Ahmad Khan (1817–98) was instrumental in the formation of the All-India Muslim League (AIML), popularly known as the Muslim League. This became important as people in India rose up to end British colonial rule. Many Indian Muslims were concerned that freedom from the British colonial powers would not benefit Muslims if the result was ending up a minority in a Hindu-controlled India. Thus the Muslim League advocated for a two-state solution, partitioning India into a Hindu state (modern India) and a Muslim one (modern Pakistan), an aim that became reality in the partition of 1946.
The Muslim League played an important role in the negotiations surrounding partition. Once Pakistan was born as an independent nation, the Pakistan Muslim League became a major political force in Pakistan, and is still one of the major political parties.