What was the impact of the Lucknow Pact of 1916 signed between the Muslim League and the Indian National Congress?

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The primary impact of the Lucknow Pact was that it paved the way for greater Hindu-Muslim unity in India. While there had previously been more acceptance of British rule by the Muslim League, the meeting at Lucknow brought the two sides together in firm opposition to British imperialism. The unity...

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The primary impact of the Lucknow Pact was that it paved the way for greater Hindu-Muslim unity in India. While there had previously been more acceptance of British rule by the Muslim League, the meeting at Lucknow brought the two sides together in firm opposition to British imperialism. The unity started at Lucknow would later continue in the Khilafat movement and the noncooperation movement.

Bringing the Hindu and Muslim peoples together was a great step toward unity and self-governance. However, the Lucknow Pact was not without its drawbacks. When the India National Congress and the Muslim League met at Lucknow, Congress agreed to provide separate electorates for Muslims in all provinces except Punjab and Bengal. This was later used as a landmark in the evolution of the Two Nations theory. While the Lucknow Pact was a great step toward Hindu-Muslim unity in India, it did not completely unify the two groups.

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In my opinion, the major impact of the Lucknow Pact was that it helped to undermine British rule in what was then called India. Of course, independence did not come for about thirty more years, but this pact helped bring it about.

Before the pact was signed, the Muslim League was generally supportive of British rule in India. They felt that India would be too pro-Hindu without British rule and that this would harm Muslims in India. When the League signed the Lucknow Pact, this changed. Now neither of the major political organizations in India supported British rule.

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