The Triangular Trade refers to trading that occurred between England, Africa, and the American colonies or the Caribbean during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. It involved England shipping manufactured goods like copper, cloth, guns, and ammunition to Africa. These supplies were then used to purchase slaves, who traveled on the second part of the trade route to either the Caribbean or American colonies, where they cultivated crops that were then sent back to England, completing the triangle.
This trade route had a major impact on England. They now had more access to raw goods, from which they could manufacture more products for sale. As a result, they profited greatly from the Triangular Trade. With the greater income, they were able to increase ships, ports, and job opportunities. This greater economy helped lead to the Industrial Revolution.
Along with the economic boost, the Triangular Trade also increased diplomatic relations and gave England more power over other countries. They passed laws in which the colonies were banned from trading with anyone else, and colonists had to pay tariffs on certain goods. With the relationship England developed with Africa and the American colonies, it became easier for them to colonize the areas and establish a presence in different places of the world.