What impact did monasticism have on the development of Christianity in the Middle Ages?

Expert Answers info

David Morrison eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2017

write9,939 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Law and Politics

During the Middle Ages, monasteries contributed greatly to the cultivation and dissemination of ideas. It was the monastic orders, most notably the Franciscans and the Dominicans, which provided the theological and philosophical foundations for the Church's temporal and spiritual rule. Monasteries were great centers of learning throughout Europe and were normally at the cutting edge of the latest intellectual developments.

Thomas Aquinas, arguably the greatest medieval philosopher and one of the greatest thinkers of all time, was a Dominican friar. His remarkable synthesis of orthodox Christian theology with the newly-discovered work of the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle would go on to form the basis of the Church's teaching, ensuring that the Church would be able to accommodate the best of pagan learning within a Christian framework. Thanks to the efforts of Aquinas and other thinkers who developed their ideas within a monastic context, the Church was able to maintain its...

(The entire section contains 3 answers and 685 words.)

Unlock This Answer Now


check Approved by eNotes Editorial

Scott David eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2018

write968 answers

starTop subjects are Literature, History, and Law and Politics

check Approved by eNotes Editorial

j-lass-k eNotes educator | Certified Educator

calendarEducator since 2016

write8 answers

starTop subject is History

check Approved by eNotes Editorial

Ask a Question