The Market Revolution, Industrialization, and New Technologies

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What impact did the Industrial Revolution in England have on the American colonies?

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The Industrial Revolution began in earnest in the latter part of the eighteenth century. At this time there were already well-established populations and economies in the American colonies. These were all greatly affected by the expansion of industry in Great Britain. For instance, the textile mills in Great Britain needed massive quantities of raw materials from North America, particularly cotton and dyes such as indigo. This resulted in a significant surge in the plantation system that came to characterize the economy and demographics of the southern colonies.

However, prior to independence, most large-scale industry in the American colonies was prohibited. Instead, colonists had to import goods produced in Great Britain. In fact, Parliament outlawed the exportation of machinery manufacturing methods and trade secrets beyond British shores. Several significant developments resulted from this. For one thing, there developed a sense of resentment in the colonies towards their reliance...

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