James Loy is a former Coast Guard admiral who took charge of the TSA after John Magaw was fired by George Bush in July of 2018. Though his tenure at the TSA lasted only ten months, he is credited with having implemented bomb detection equipment by the end of 2002, as stipulated by Congress, who funded such a measure. Unfortunately, in 2003, Transportation Department auditors uncovered a series of abuses on the part of these highly paid new screeners, which tarnished Loy's reputation.
Under James Loy, the TSA was assigned to the newly formed Department of Homeland Security (the youngest US cabinet department) in March of 2003. During Loy's tenure, the TSA was subject to undercover investigation by reporters from New York's Daily News. These reporters proved capable of getting razor blades and pepper spray onto planes undetected, despite the large amount of time and money that had been spent on screening equipment and personnel training.
James Loy inherited the task of trying to implement phase 2 of Congress's plan to improve airport security. While phase 1 involved hiring and training screening personnel, phase 2 involved securing the aircraft cargo and passenger profiling. Loy's legacy with the TSA is two-fold: he implemented the use of luggage-screening machines at the end of 2002, and he oversaw the development of the Computer Assisted Passenger Pre-Screening System (CAPPS) II. Loy's reputation was not wholly unsullied, as it was later reported that temporary TSA agents were hired who had not passed these stringent background checks.