What were the immediate consequences of the secession of South Carolina?

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The secession of South Carolina from the United States in December 1860 was the result of a growing division between the North and the South. The northern states had all made slavery illegal, while in the South, rich landowners felt that the plantation economy and the importance of cotton production depended upon the continuance of the institution of slavery. In November 1860, the South Carolina General Assembly passed a resolution that the election of Abraham Lincoln as US President was a hostile act, and in late December 1860, the legislature announced:

We, therefore, the People of South Carolina, by our delegates in Convention assembled, appealing to the Supreme Judge of the world for the rectitude of our intentions, have solemnly declared that the Union heretofore existing between this State and the other States of North America, is dissolved, and that the State of South Carolina has resumed her position among the...

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