What images of despair are used by the poet in the first stanza in "An Elementary School Classroom in a Slum"?

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In the first stanza of this poem by Spender, the poet creates images that compare the children in the classroom to weeds and paper. He says that the children are like "rootless weeds," and have "torn" hair surrounding their pale faces. These images convey the idea that the children are not able to draw strength from their surroundings but are instead weak.

He also captures their despair by writing that one girl seems weighted, and he compares another boy to paper. These images capture the idea that the children are powerless and hopeless. Another child has "twisted bones," meaning that he cannot grow up straight and strong. The image suggests that this boy, like the other children in the classroom, will never grow up with the power he needs. Instead, his poverty and despair will limit his choices and potential, just as these conditions have already stunted his growth. At the end of the stanza, there is one boy who is watching a squirrel in a tree. However, this boy isn't even noticed. The children's dreams are not recognized and encouraged.

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This is, as you, know, a very powerful poem and the tone of despair is clearly indicated. These students are 'far from gusty waves' - land locked and seemingly deprived of an understanding of the elements. They are 'like rootless weeds': without foundation and nurture and we see them as sickly as indicated by their 'pallor'.

The poet then hones in on individual children to show us more closely the despair of their situation-

The tall girl with her weighed-down head. The paper-
seeming boy, with rat's eyes.

The girl is clearly exhausted, or bored, and has lost contact with the teacher. The boy is thin, pale, and compared to vermin.

The stunted, unlucky heir
Of twisted bones, reciting a father's gnarled disease,
His lesson from his desk.

This child exemplifies the poverty and tragedy of the child being the product of a poor environment and poorer health. It is in the last child that there may be hope, in that he takes his mind elsewhere, and perhaps has scope beyond the slum-

At back of the dim class
One unnoted, sweet and young. His eyes live in a dream,
Of squirrel's game, in the tree room, other than this.

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