According to Ms. O'Connor, Western feminism underwent several transitions. Initially, authors portrayed women using the same language and characteristics ascribed to women by men. Eventually, authors challenged stereotypes of women.
Finally, Western writers achieved recognition of women authors as equal contributors to the literary genre which is reflected in their treatment of female characters.
Dr. Chukwuma, Professor of English at Jackson State University, points out that African literature emphasizes the journey female characters take to remove themselves from oppressive circumstances, sometimes utilizing unconventional means such as murder and prostitution. African literature emphasizes the importance of choice and economic independence rather than recognition of being equal with men.