One of the strongest ideas in the work centers on is the construction of identity in the time period leading up to and following the events of September 11. Changez is shown in both conditions. There is a view of America that was present leading up to September 11, one that was unquestioned in terms of how America was seen as a flawless haven before the attacks. At the same time, the unquestioned lack of reflection is present in the time period that follows the events, when the nation felt that whatever it determined was in terms of facts. In this, there is the idea that a setting in which there is a lack of reflection, bad things cannot be far off. This is where the idea of the novel centers around, and it is for this reason that Hamid refuses to take a side in the issues regarding both sides of the terrorism/ fundamentalism concern. I think that this is one of the ideas that is treated in a deliberate manner, one in which Hamid refuses to point to which side is better or superior to another. The reality is one in which Hamid suggests that any side that embraces a lack of reflection is a setting in which there is failure and a sense of shortcoming within it.