What is hybridization of Hexa ammin Cobalt^3+ ion? And what will be the shape of the ion?

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gsenviro | College Teacher | (Level 1) Educator Emeritus

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Hexaammine cobalt (III) or `[Co(NH)_6]^(3+)`  has `d^2sp^3`  hybridization.

Hexaamine cobalt (III) is also sometime termed as "inner orbital" complex because the energy difference between d orbital and s & p orbitals of next shell is very small. In this case, 4s and 4p orbitals have slightly higher energy as compared to 3d orbital.

For this complex cation, the 6 valence electrons of cobalt will occupy the 3d orbital, whereas the 6 ligands (each of which donate a pair of electrons) will occupy 3d, 4s and 4p orbitals in d2sp3 hybridization.

This distribution of electrons causes the shape of the ion to be octahedral. 

hope this helps.


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