What is honey

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gsarora17 | (Level 2) Associate Educator

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Honey is a delicious thick and sugary solution made by bees, and it is composed of water, glucose, fructose, and special enzymes produced by bees. Honey is made using the nectar of flowering plants and is saved inside the beehive. Honey is collected from wild bee colonies, or from domesticated beehives.

Honey bees convert nectar into honey by a process of regurgitation and evaporation. They store it as a primary food source in wax honeycombs inside the beehive. Nectar, a  sugary liquid, is extracted from flowers using a bee's long, tube-shaped tongue and stored in its extra stomach, or "crop." While sloshing around in the crop, the nectar mixes with enzymes that transform its chemical composition and pH, making it more suitable for long-term storage.

When a honeybee returns to the hive, it passes the nectar to another bee by regurgitating the liquid into the other bee's mouth. This regurgitation process is repeated until the partially digested nectar is finally deposited into a honeycomb.

Once in the comb, nectar is still a viscous liquid and bees set to work fanning the honeycomb with their wings in an effort to speed up the process of evaporation. When most of the water has evaporated from the honeycomb, the bee seals the comb with a secretion of liquid from its abdomen, which eventually hardens into beeswax.

The main uses of Honey are in cooking, baking, desserts and addition to various beverages.

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