National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an Independent organization under the Government of United States that is responsible for conducting and coordinating research on flights in and beyond earth's atmosphere. The various research programs are conducted from its facilities at John F. Kennedy Space Center, Lyndon B. Johnson space Center, Goddard Space Flight Center, and George C Marshall Space Flight Center.
NASA was set up in 1958, absorbing various space researchers and military space laboratories including the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics. NASA helped develop agreement among different competing organizations including military establishments, universities and aviation industry. Since that time it has played an important role in United State's Space Exploration Programs.
NASA has launched many unmanned and Manned space flights. Major achievements of NASA include the first Landing of man on Moon in 1969, launching manned space laboratory orbiting around the earth in 1963, launching reusable manned space shuttle in 1981,
NASA is the United States Federal Government agency responsible for aeronautics (aircraft design and safety) and aerospace (spaceflight both with astronauts aboard and satellites and robotic missions). The agency got its start as the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in 1915 well before any attempts to put rockets into orbit. NACA became the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) on July 29, 1958. NASA is a civilian agency but works closely with the military especially the United States Airforce in launch operations.
NASA is probably best known for manned space missions such as the Mercury, Gemini, Apollo, Skylab, and Space Shutle programs. NASA has also been instrumental in construction and operation of the International Space Station. NASA also develops launches (from the space shuttle as well unmanned rockets) and manages unmanned expoloration of the Solar System with missions such as Voyager, Pioneer, Casini, Magelleon, Messenger, and the Mars Exploration Rovers to name a few. NASA also develops and manages a fleet of Earth observing satellites in polar orbit providing observations of the Earth's core, land, atmosphere, and oceans. NASA also continues NACA's mission of aeronautics research primarily at the Langley Flight Research Center in Hampton, Virginia. NASA facilities are located at administration, research, test, communications, and launch facilities throughout the countries.