The Anglo-Saxons were composed of three Germanic groups—Angles, Saxons, and Jutes. England gets its name from the Angles. Old English developed from Old High German (brought by the Saxons) and Old Scandinavian, the language that the Angles and Jutes would have spoken.
Anglo-Saxon England, which became firmly established around 597 AD, when St. Augustine brought Christianity to the region, was a relatively rudimentary civilization compared to how it would develop after the Norman Conquest, solidified after the Battle of Hastings, in 1066. Court life existed, for example, but did not have any of the elaborate rituals that it would later develop. Interests in the arts, cuisine, and the establishment of more organized government would all come as a result of the French influence. In fact, most of the 1,600-plus French-derived words in the English language entered the lexicon during the period of 1100-1350 AD, when the French cultural influence overtook that of the Anglo-Saxons. This period is distinguished from that of the Anglo-Saxon period and is referred to as the Middle English period. Back, however, to the Anglo-Saxons.
The Anglo-Saxon diet was composed mainly of grains (e.g., barley, millet), northern fruits, such as damsons and apples, and some meat, though husbandry was less cultivated than it would become later. Beer was ample in production; wine, less so.
The Anglo-Saxons lived in homes with thatched roofs. We know that they told stories for entertainment. Few books of Old English poetry survived, including the Exeter Book, the Vercelli Book, the Junius Manuscript, and the well-known Beowulf manuscript.