The “historical situation” in which Paul Revere played a part was the beginning of the Revolutionary War between Great Britain and her American colonies. Revere played a role in much of the buildup to the war, but he is best known for his role in the action that led to the battles at Lexington and Concord. These are seen as the first battles of the Revolutionary War.
Revere was a silversmith in Boston in the days before the Revolutionary War. He was very active in the movement for greater American autonomy. As an example of this, he was a member of the Sons of Liberty. He did not, however, hold any leadership roles. During this time, Revere is best known for his engraving of the Boston Massacre. This engraving has become famous as a work of propaganda as it depicts a scene in which the British are completely to blame. Revere is best known to us today (though not to people at the time of the Revolution) for his “midnight ride.” This was an event in which he, among others, rode out into the countryside surrounding Boston to warn people that the British army was marching out to Lexington and Concord the next morning. This set the stage for the battles at Lexington and Concord.