The story The Giver is a dystopia, and it fits in the genre of fantasy or science fiction. It takes place in some unknown time and place. We can infer that the place might be our planet and an English speaking country, since many of the same words we use are used in the Community and some have fallen out of use, such as “love.” Because some of our words and societal structures (such as families) are still in place, we can guess that this story might take place at some time in the future.
By creating a time and place that is like our own, but different, Lowry creates a cautionary tale. We see ourselves a little bit in the community. The similarities with slight differences make the story even more eerie.