When compared to other Greek women of their time, Spartan women had a great deal of freedom.
Where other women were kept relatively separate from men, Spartan girls exercised with boys. Women in Sparta were expected to keep themselves physically fit because it was believed that this would allow them to bear healthier children. Spartan women were allowed to own land on their own just as men could. Because their men were so rarely at home (men spent much time training for war and were not expected to actually live at home until age 30), women in Sparta had much more power over their households than other Greek women.
In these ways, Spartan women had much more freedom and equality relative to men than women in other parts of Greece.