What is the historical context for Lord of the Flies?

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Lord of the Flies was written by Nobel laureate William Golding (1911 – 1993) in the early 1950s and first published in 1954. The Hobbesian vision of young boys in the wilderness responded to a great degree to the horrors of World War II, and perhaps to the Stalinist regime in the Soviet Union as well, addressing the question of how ordinary people can commit or be complicit in atrocities. The book offers the solution that cruelty and tribalism are inherent in human nature.

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