As the eNotes biography of Edgar Allan Poe, the link to which is provided below, shows, Poe was born on January 19, 1809, in Boston, Massachusetts. While he was born in Boston, however, he was raised by foster parents in Richmond, Virginia, following his father's abandonment of the family and his mother's death soon after. In addition to his reputation as an author of gothic horror tales, including "The Raven," "The Tell-Tale Heart," "The Black Cat," "The Fall of the House of Usher," and "The Masque of the Red Death," Poe is also credited with inventing the detective story. His stories "The Murders in the Rue Morgue" and "The Purloined Letter" have been frequently cited as laying the groundwork for Sherlock Holmes and other detectives. He died in Baltimore, Maryland on October 3, 1849, under uncertain circumstances.