What is the HELLENIC branch of the Indo-European languages? what are the languages it contains? their characteristics? did it influenced the English language in any way?

Expert Answers

An illustration of the letter 'A' in a speech bubbles

The Hellenic branch of Indo-European languages consists almost solely of Greek.  The only other living languages in that branch are subsets of Greek.

Greek has influenced the English language quite a bit.  It has done this because it was, for a long time, one of the languages (along with Latin) that all educated people were expected to learn.  Therefore, many of our academic terms come from Greek.  For example, subject names such as Geology and Biology come from Greek.  So do Economics and Philosophy.  Greek has also contributed terms to our language of technology -- such as telegraph and telegram.

Approved by eNotes Editorial Team

We’ll help your grades soar

Start your 48-hour free trial and unlock all the summaries, Q&A, and analyses you need to get better grades now.

  • 30,000+ book summaries
  • 20% study tools discount
  • Ad-free content
  • PDF downloads
  • 300,000+ answers
  • 5-star customer support
Start your 48-Hour Free Trial