What is Hawthorne's point in "Young Goodman Brown"?

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This is an interesting question. You could probably answer sufficiently by choosing a theme from the story and providing an analysis and support of the theme. The answer is undoubtedly subjective. Consequently, different readers could think that Hawthorne has a different main point. Personally, I think that a main point of this story is about hidden sin. This should make sense because Hawthorne has written other pieces that focus on hidden sin. The Scarlet Letter and "The Minister's Black Veil" both have a strong emphasis on hidden sin. "Young Goodman Brown" shows readers the hidden sins and secrets of a town through Brown's encounter with Satan, when he sees that the people he thought were most faithful were actually in league with the Devil. While I don't think that Hawthorne is trying to tell readers that everybody is in league with Satan, I do think he is making a point of telling readers that even the most pious are incapable of being 100% good.

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If you are referring to the main idea or the lesson to be taught from Young Goodman Brown you can conclude that Hawthorne wanted to send a message to those who call themselves "holier than thou".

Evil is a capacity that everyone has. Everybody has the potential of committing sin, to be led into temptation, and to turn into something they never thought they would.

In Young Goodman Brown, a man who always followed the right path is diverted by a strange man in a dark forest in which he encounters those very people whom he once considered "good" turned into creatures of evil.  This, Hawthorne would argue, is what happens when you deviate from your faith (Faith is also the name of Goodman Brown's wife, whom he left to go into the forest).

Therefore, the morale of the story is that our souls can be corrupted no matter what, and that no matter how much you want to claim your kindness and purity. We are nevertheless human, and human only.

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