Amir learns of many realities in his trip to Afghanistan in the story. On a political level, Amir learns of how the Taliban were able to seize power. Luring public support with the promises of peace, the Taliban received public validation only to violate it with extreme enforcements of laws. The belief was that the Taliban's rule would be more peaceful than the Russian presence because of their indigenous nature. This turned out to not be the case, as the Taliban began to impose its political will by banning anything and everything that would allow those living in Afghanistan to enjoy anything not deemed as appropriate by the Taliban. At the same time, the Taliban engaged in an ethnic cleansing campaign that destroyed the hopes of many. Amir learns of how his country has become decimated by the Taliban. Just as powerful, Amir learns about the truth of Hassan being a brother and that there is a son, Sohrab, who lives an orphanage after his parents were murdered. Amir learns that his own redemption lies in finding Sohrab and bringing him back to America to raise as his own.