What are harmful short-term and long-term effects of excessive alcohol use? How can you reduce your intake of refined sugars each day and replace these with more fiber? What is a typical meal for...

What are harmful short-term and long-term effects of excessive alcohol use?

How can you reduce your intake of refined sugars each day and replace these with more fiber?

What is a typical meal for the American diet?

How can someone develop a less meat-focused diet?

Expert Answers
jameadows eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The short-term effects of alcohol use include nausea/vomiting and impaired judgment. Two long-term effects of excessive alcohol use include liver disease and higher blood pressure, which can lead to potential heart disease. Excessive alcohol use has an overall negative effect on health in many ways, including also the potential to cause brain disease. 

Ways to reduce your intake of refined sugars include eating fruit instead of candy or cookies and eating whole-grain breads instead of white breads that have added sugars. Can you think of another method that would reduce sugar and improve your diet?

The typical American diet includes meals such as a beef hamburger on a white bread bun and french fries. Ways to reduce the saturated fat, trans fat, and sodium in this meal include substituting a baked sweet potato instead of french fries and eating a turkey burger instead of a beef burger. What else do you think could improve the quality of the meal (including, perhaps, adding a salad on the side)? Meat eaters can add leaner protein to their diets by consuming fish, poultry, and other proteins based on soy (such as tofu).

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