Na2co3 Decomposition

what happens when solid soidum carbonate is heated: type of reaction, formula of reactants, and predict products 

Asked on by t521863

2 Answers | Add Yours

Top Answer

valentin68's profile pic

valentin68 | College Teacher | (Level 3) Associate Educator

Posted on

The chemical formula of sodium carbonate (washing soda) is Na2CO3. When it is heated it undergoes a thermal decomposition reaction. This takes place above 500 degree C. The reaction of decomposition is

Na2CO3 (s) = Na2O (s) + CO2 (g)

The name of the first reaction product Na2O is Sodium Oxide which is solid and used in glass making and the name of the second reaction product is Carbon Dioxide which is a gas (resulting gas from all biologic respiration processes)

Top Answer

llltkl's profile pic

llltkl | College Teacher | (Level 3) Valedictorian

Posted on

Sodium carbonate is a very stable carbonate, resisting decomposition upto a very high temperature, often till its melting temperature.

Over and above that temperature, however, it decomposes slowly to produce the metal oxide and carbon dioxide. Use of a vacuum pump to suck out the gas (`CO_2` ) eases the decomposition reaction.

`Na_2CO_3(s) stackrel Delta rarr Na_2O(s)+CO_2(g) `

`Na_2O` is a highly reactive basic oxide, producing sodium hydroxide in contact with moisture.

We’ve answered 319,814 questions. We can answer yours, too.

Ask a question