Chapters 23 through 25 deal with the aftermath of the trial, and its effect on the town and the Finch family.
In Chapter 23, Atticus discusses the verdict with Jem and Scout. Jem is upset because it is unfair, but Atticus reminds him that most people are not so forward thinking. He explains that taking as long as the jury did to deliberate was a strong victory. It means they were listening. Scout is upset because women cannot be on juries. Despite his naiveté about the jury, Jem demonstrates that he is growing up physically and socially. He explains the concept of class to Scout, and he has hair under his arms.
Chapter 24 features a meeting of Aunt Alexandra’s ladies’ missionary circle. This is an important chapter, because it humanizes Aunt Alexandra. She is clearly annoyed by the hypocritical and racist comments, and Scout realizes this and starts to see her differently. It is also in this chapter where we learn that Tom Robison was shot and killed trying to escape from prison. Aunt Alexandra’s reaction also does her credit; she is horrified.
Chapter 25 brings us to Tom Robison’s house as Atticus takes the children when he visits Tom’s wife, and we see the difference between the poor black and the poor white. Although Tom’s folk are considered a lower class of citizen than the Ewells, they hold themselves with dignity and grace. This demonstrates the disparity and unfairness of racial prejudice.