In chapter 17 of his autobiography, Malcolm X shares his experience on the Hajj, or the traditional Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca. Prior to the events of this chapter, Malcolm decided he wanted to distance himself from the Nation of Islam, a more radical African American interpretation of Muslim beliefs, and he wanted to associate himself with the true religion of Islam. To do so, he decided to embark on the pilgrimage.
While he encountered some delays and difficulties beginning the journey, he is aided by several prominent Muslims, including Prince Faisal. Through his experience, he sees that true Islam shows acceptance and equality for its followers, regardless of race or cultural heritage. This gives him a new outlook on equality and brotherhood, and he believes that Islam could be the avenue to helping fix the racial divide in America.