During the Civil War, southern farms and plantations were negatively impacted. Since most of the fighting was done in the South, southern farms and plantations took the brunt of the war. As a result, many of these farms were ruined by the war. This was one of the reasons why General Lee invaded the North. His soldiers were hungry, and he knew there was food available and in good supply in the North.
As the war progressed, the Union soldiers began to wage total war on the South. The Union soldiers destroyed everything in their path. On General Sherman’s famous March to the Sea, the Union army destroyed everything its path from Atlanta to Savannah. Then as his armies moved northeast from Savannah, the same kind of destruction occurred. Crops and livestock were destroyed, as were buildings and other structures. The farms and plantations were ruined by all of the fighting in the South.