The French and Indian War was part of a large conflict called the Seven Years War that lasted from 1756-1763. The part of Seven Years War fought in North America is called the French and Indian War. In this war, the French and most Native American tribes fought against the British. The French and British were rivals. Most Native American tribes were friendlier with the French, and that is why they supported France in this conflict.
The result of the French and Indian War was significant. When Britain defeated France, France decided to give up all of its land in North America. The land east of the Mississippi River, except New Orleans, went to Britain while the land west of the Mississippi River, plus New Orleans, went to Spain. By gaining control of the land east of the Mississippi River, Britain would now be free to continue to develop its colonies without the threat of conflict with France. If France had won this war, it is possible Britain would have had to give up their colonies.
The French and Indian War was a very important event for Britain. Plus, it had a big effect on the North American continent and its future.