What happened at the Battle of Fallen Timbers?

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rrteacher | College Teacher | (Level 2) Educator Emeritus

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In the 1790s, President George Washington sent two expeditions in the Ohio River Valley to eliminate the Native American presence there. These two expeditions, headed by Josiah Harmar and Arthur St. Clair respectively, ended in humiliating failure at the hands of a skilled chief named Little Turtle. The third expedition, led by General Anthony Wayne, met a combined force of several different Native warriors under the leadership of a war chief named Blue Jacket at a location known as the Fallen Timbers close to modern Toledo.  This time, the Americans won a decisive victory, almost totally destroying the large Native force. This victory led to the Treaty of Fort Greenville with the British, and basically wiped out any significant Indian presence in the Ohio Valley, which had been a hotly-contested region since the 1750s. Violence continued in what is now western Ohio and Indiana, however, and would do so until the 1820s.

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