What happened in the election of 1824?

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The U.S. presidential election of 1824 was historically significant for a number of reasons. Won by John Quincy Adams, it nevertheless is remembered for the ascent to national political prominence of Andrew Jackson, as well as for being one of just three elections decided by the House of Representatives (and the only one decided under the provisions of the Twelfth Amendment.) Andrew Jackson, enormously popular with many ordinary Americans, finished with more electoral votes (99) than either John Quincy Adams (84,) Henry Crawford (41) or Henry Clay (37.) The House ultimately voted to give the Presidency to Adams. Jackson, whose followers had clashed bitterly with Clay's in the newspapers during the campaign, charged that Clay, as Speaker of the House, had reached a "corrupt bargain" with Adams, who appointed Clay Secretary of State upon assuming the Presidency. The election laid the foundations for what historians call the "second two-party system," as Jackson's Democratic Party forged a coalition of western farmers, southern planters, and working-class northerners that would be opposed by Clay's Whig Party.

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