After hearing about the riches of the Incan Empire, Francisco Pizarro travelled to the Incan lands high in the Andes Mountains of Peru. The Incan Empire was recovering from a civil war that left Atahuallpa in power as its Emperor. Pizarro arrived with a much smaller army than was available to Atahuallpa but he was able to entice the Incan Emperor to a meeting. Pizarro stipulated that unarmed men escort Atahuallpa and surprisingly he agreed. Atahuallpa was encouraged to become a Christian and to accept Charles V of Spain as his ruler. When Atahuallpa refused, Pizarro’s men carried out a surprise attack on the unarmed men who accompanied Pizarro, defeating them soundly and capturing their leader. Atahuallpa offered Pizarro a room filled with riches in exchange for his life. Although Pizarro accepted the gold, silver, and gems, he ordered the death of Atahuallpa. In the late summer of 1533, at Pizarro’s command his men strangled Atahuallpa to death.