What happend to the apple while Jonas was playing with it?

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Jonas sees the apple change color in mid-air and perceives its red appearance for the first time. 

In chapter 3, Jonas recalls a time when he casually took an apple out a basket in the recreation area and threw it to his friend, Asher. Asher then tossed the apple back to Jonas, and the boys began playing an innocent game of catch. However, Jonas noticed something strange happen to the apple and mentions that the apple began to change whenever Asher tossed it. Jonas then held onto the apple and focused closely on its appearance, but remembers it looking like a typical apple.

At this point in the novel, Jonas is not aware of why he noticed the apple change color. Later on in the novel, the Giver explains to Jonas that he possesses the Capacity to See Beyond, which is essentially the ability to see in color. In Jonas's society, the rest of the citizens can only perceive various shades of gray, so this distinguishes Jonas from the rest of the community. 

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When Jonas tosses the apple to Asher, he sees the apple change.  He is beginning to see the color red.

But suddenly Jonas had noticed, following the path of the apple through the air with his eyes, that the piece of fruit had—well, this was the part that he couldn't adequately understand—the apple had changed. Just for an instant. It had changed in mid-air, he remembered. (ch 3)

The moment when Jonas is playing with the apple is one of the most important ones in the book.  Jonas is tossing an apple to Asher to strengthen his hand and eye coordination.  He notices something funny about the apple, but doesn’t realize that he is seeing it change color.  No one in the community can see colors of any kind.  The fact that Jonas sees the color red first is significant.  It is the Capacity to See Beyond, and red is the color of passion or emotion.  Jonas is beginning to feel.

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