Hamilton's assessment of government under the Articles of Confederation is consistent with his Federalist views. He felt that the Articles' weakness was a lack of a strong central government. Hamilton was understanding of the need of freedom. Yet, he was also a pragmatist, who understood that the only way to see the nation out of crippling debt was to increase taxes and collect revenue, something that the Articles forbade the government to do.
Hamilton was not comfortable with the idea that new government under the Articles was a weak and fairly useless one, in his mind. Hamilton was one of the strongest voices that called for a Constitutional Convention. The expressed purpose of this gathering was to revise the Articles, reflecting his own desire to get rid of the Articles and draft a new Constitution towards this end. Hamilton recognized early on that the only way the new nation would be successful was with a central government that had some power and some type of force. This was something denied under the Articles, and justified his own rejection of them and opposition to them.