What is a groin vault and what is a ribbed vault?

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kschweiz's profile pic

kschweiz | Middle School Teacher | (Level 2) Assistant Educator

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A groin vault is produced by two barrel vaults. It is an architectural feature specific to arches. A groin vault occurs when two barrel vaults intersect at right angles. Because barrel vaults are essentially tunnels, this is a connected and whole vault. The definition provided is: "A vault produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel (tunnel) vaults. Sometimes the arches of groin vaults may be pointed instead of round."

In contrast, a rib vault is more like a network or frame. It can look like ribs, hence "rib vault." The definition provided is: "a masonry vault with a relatively thin web and set within a framework of ribs."

The groin vault was introduced early, used in Roman architecture. The rib vault became popular as Gothic architecture was introduced.

eli468's profile pic

eli468 | Student, Undergraduate | (Level 1) Valedictorian

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A groin vault is a certain pattern in architecture where vaults meet together in a V. These are made," by building two barrel vaults, that cross each other, so that they make an X." This was commonly used in Romanesque churches.

A ribbed vault looks like a groin vault but has ribbed arches. The pictures below make it more easy to understand the difference.

Some images are still being reviewed.

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