Based on its legal history, the purpose of government's action in relation to Civil Rights policy is to ensure that there is equality within the law and present in the distribution of the law. The assurance of the Constitution's promises to all individuals is of vital importance in the execution of Civil Rights policy. Rooted in the 14th Amendment, that guarantees rights of citizenship to all individuals, the Civil Rights promise of government is to ensure that there are no substantive nor procedural violations of due process and the opportunity to be heard. The Civil Rights Movement in America of the 1950s and 1960's spurred the reemergence of the judiciary, including the Supreme Court, in its role as protector of individual liberties against majority power. This is another function of government in relation to Civil Rights policy.