What is Gopal Krishan Gokhale's contribution as a social reformer in Indian history?

Expert Answers
Ashley Kannan eNotes educator| Certified Educator

Gokhale's primary contribution as a social reformer in the history of India was to be one of the first to actually articulate the need for social reform.  Gokhale understood that India was in sore need of social reformation at the turn of the century.  He was not one who simply accepted the Status Quo.  Rather, he recognized that India needed change in the realm of education, social equity, and ensuring that the working class in India were still privy to being heard and validated.  These are issues that India still struggles with today.  I think that a more interesting discussion about Gokhale's role as a social reformer lies in his willingness to work with the West.  Gokhale presented a model of social reform and change that depended on the West and recognized that lasting change has to come from the Western construct that enveloped India at the time.  While respected by freedom fighters like Gandhi, this idea ran separate from their way of thinking.  Gokhale is one of many Indians who presented a model of cooperation with the Western framework, oftentimes believing in its power and possibility.  This idea of how India should interact with "the West" is also something that resonates largely within India today.  Gokhale was one of the first in a long line of Indian thought that struggled mightily with its relationship with the West.

ujoarder | Student

Gopal Krishna Gokhale is very known for his works as a social reformer. He encouraged common indian people to educate themselves. His works in the field of sanitation and public development are well known. He also worked to stop ignorance, casteism and untouchability in Indian society. Gokhale was also known for building trust and friendship between Hindus and Muslims.He also founded the "Servants of India Society"-an organization dedicated to the cause of common people.This society trained workers for the service of the country. Gopal Krishna Gokhale was one of the first generations of Indians to receive college education. His works, especially "public address on "India under the British Rule", helped awaken the latent patriotism of Indian people.