One good thesis statement on the topic of rebellion in George Orwell’s novel 1984 might read something like this:
In George Orwell’s novel 1984, rebellion against “The Party” is something the main character repeatedly longs for but never witnesses or achieves. Any effort to rebel seems difficult if not impossible to accomplish, and the book constantly shows how even any prospects of rebellion are forestalled.
Such a paper might trace references to “rebel” and “rebellion” (and/or “revolt” and “revolution”) throughout the book, examining the ways in which rebellion is continually mentioned but never achieved.
Such a paper might also examine the different kinds of rebellion Orwell imagines, including private rebellion, political rebellion, social rebellion, economic rebellion, and even sexual rebellion. Or the paper might examine the different kinds of persons who are imagined as rebels, including Winston Smith, his lover Julia, children, “The Brotherhood,” and the “proles,” to mention just a few.
Part of the paradox of rebellion in 1984 is effectively stated in the following observation:
Until they become conscious they will never rebel, and until after they have rebelled they cannot become conscious.
One aspect of 1984 that makes it such a highly effective book is that it offers no prospect of easy answers or inevitable solutions.