What is a good theme statement for the Lord of The Flies? What evidence supports this?

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As with any work of literature, there are several themes that can be identified in Golding's Lord of the Flies. When looking to form a theme, a reader should first consider the one-word topics that emerge from a text before giving an explanation of how that topic is used in the text in a thematic structure. In Lord of the Flies, the conflict between authority and the individual is at the forefront of the plot, so it can be used to form one of the prominent themes in the novel.

Once the boys crash on the island, they are removed from the typical cultural authorities such as family, school, and government. So, they initially cling to the hierarchical structure that they are used to by dividing into groups and using the conch shell as a "call" to unity. However, as their time on the island progresses, the boys become more animalistic in their behaviors, which eventually leads to the replacement of Ralph as leader, the shattering of the conch shell, and the deaths of Simon and Piggy. Thus, the theme emerges from this complex work that human beings require a governing force to support and restrain them from their own individual evil desires.

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Perhaps the largest theme of William Golding's Lord of the Flies is that of the nature of human instinct and the dark impulses that seem to lurk beneath our carefully constructed social masks. Golding executes this theme by detailing the transformation of a group of young boys who are left stranded alone on an island, conveying their descent from innocent children into bloodthirsty savages.  

This dynamic is particularly highlighted through the presence of Ralph--the boy who first assumes the role of leadership--and Jack--the boy who starts a coup that separates the tribe into rivaling factions. While Ralph represents civility and order, Jack symbolizes the thirst for power and the depravity of mankind. The separation of the tribes, the creation of an imagined beast who terrorizes the island, and the eventual murder of Piggy and Simon all suggest that human goodness is an illusion, one that barely masks the truth of what lies beneath: the impulse to seek control, to subjugate others, and to resort to cruelty as a means of serving one's personal interests. 

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The themes of Lord of the Flies are classic, not clich`e. It is clearly a story of good vs. evil, and the conflict between the boys and nature speaks volumes about human nature and the social contract in modern society.

Readers do not often discuss the phenomenon of mob psychology as it relates to the choir/hunters and the deaths of Simon and Piggy. How do their words, actions, and habits support anonymity as part of a mob? Does it pardon their actions?

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