What is a good scholarly, up-to-date source to use for writing a literature review about hunger in the Appalachian region with the base topic of poverty?

Expert Answers
kipling2448 eNotes educator| Certified Educator

There are actually quite a few useful sources of authoritative information on poverty in the Appalachian region of the United States.  U.S. Government websites, scholarly articles, and various local organizations that track economic and sociological trends in Appalachia all provide scientifically-derived data on poverty rates in one of the country’s most perpetually destitute regions.  What follows are some such websites that any student studying poverty and hunger in Appalachia should find useful:

The Appalachia Regional Commission (ARC) provides data on poverty rates, education, unemployment, and general economic conditions in Appalachia.  The ARC was created in 1965 by Congress in response to concerns about endemic poverty in Appalachia, especially during then-President Lyndon Johnson’s “war on poverty.”  The data provided in this website is authoritative.


Demographic and Socioeconomic Change in Appalachia is a scholarly study commissioned by the Population Reference Bureau (PRB), a privately-operated research institute that is funded both by private donations and by government grants.  PRB has performed extensive research on economic conditions in Appalachia with a particular focus on demographic trends and sociological ramifications stemming from that region’s history of poverty.  Its website states the following regarding the report the link to which is provided below:

Demographic and Socioeconomic Change in Appalachia is a series of reports that examine demographic, social, and economic levels and trends in the 13-state Appalachian region. Each report uses data from the decennial censuses of 1990 and 2000, plus supplemental information from other data sources.”


Natural Resource Curse and Poverty in Appalachian America is a scholarly report assessing enduring poverty rates in Appalachia alongside the regional impact of natural resource exploitation in that region.  It draws on data provided by the U.S. Departments of Labor and Interior, and includes useful tables on poverty rates and economic activity.


The North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services Appalachian District Health Department provides useful information, with links to government data, on health conditions in Appalachia, many of which are directly linked to that region’s history of poverty.


The Washington, D.C.-based Center on Budget and Policy Priorities collects and assesses data on a wide variety of topics with the common denominator being government-funded activities.  Its 2005 report FOOD AND NUTRITION PROGRAMS:Reducing Hunger, Bolstering Nutrition includes useful information on Appalachia, with historical information discussing declining problems of hunger and malnutrition in that region in light of increased government attention since the 1960s.


The following URL links to the abstract for a scholarly article titled Food Security and Perceptions of Health Status: A Preliminary Study in Rural Appalachia, published in the Journal of Rural Health:


mmallory | Student

Heifer International at http://www.heifer.org/ending-hunger/our-work/north-america/united-states-of-america.html

Heifer International details the extreme poverty in two specific regions: the Appalachia region and the Arkansas Delta. Unemployment rates and percentages of Appalachians suffering from lack of healthy food availability are noted on this cite. Additionally, Heifer explains the positive attributes of the land in the Appalachians and the options for improvement in that area. You will find historical explanations for the struggles faced by the Appalachian people and be provided examples of what this organization has planned to contribute to their recovery.

Wisegeek at http://www.wisegeek.com/what-are-the-causes-of-poverty-in-appalachia.htm

Wisegeek offers the causes of poverty in the Appalachian region including details of the land. Percentages are provided for relating facts within your project. This site also provides some insight into the cycle effect of poverty and offers some thought as to why the area has seen such difficulty in breaking the cycle of poverty and hunger. Health hazards that exist within the Appalachian region are detailed both as a cause and an effect of the current situation. Additional details are available here regarding the Appalachians relationship with technology and the possible effects that may have in relation to the poverty that exist in the region. This is an excellent resource for understanding a wide variety of possible contributions to the existing crisis.

ABC News at http://abcnews.go.com/2020/story?id=6865077

Written in 2009, this article does an outstanding job of detailing the startling list of issues facing the Appalachian people. However, there is also information here that provides a sense of hope through stories of the courage and perseverance the proud Appalachians possess. ABC News documented the Appalachian people for two years prior to the writing of this article and thus you will find inside information and stories that are difficult to find in snapshot articles and sites. There are links within the article which offer opportunities to provide help as well as links for more information.

Daily Mail at http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2134196/Pictured-The-modern-day-poverty-Kentucky-people-live-running-water-electricity.html

A tale of an area frozen in time, the Daily Mail provides a portrait of the people and land in the Appalachian mountain region. Details are provided courtesy of the 2010 U.S. Census which should be helpful to you in establishing a foundation for your project. However, this is primarily a picture story. The lives of the people and the conditions in which they live are clear and brought to life through the multitude of photographs provided in this article.

USA TODAY at http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/01/25/war-on-poverty-50th-anniversary/4326109/

This article offers historical reference to Johnson’s 1964 “war on poverty” which began with the President’s tour of Appalachia. His plan and efforts are outlined in detail and photographs are provided. This article seeks to compare the conditions that existed in 1964 when the U.S. first began its efforts in the Appalachian region to the conditions that exist today. The purpose of this article is to determine what successes, if any, the efforts of the government have brought to the people living in that mountain region.

AORF at http://www.aidorphansrelief.org/appalachian-region

AORF has strong efforts in place to assist the people in the Appalachian region. The problems there, as well as an outline of what AORF hopes to contribute to the solution, are detailed. This organization seeks to assist social orphans and has found a great many orphans reside in the Appalachian region. An angle is provided here that you might not find on other sites regarding the Appalachian crisis. The harsh realities of ignorance, hunger and poverty are discussed. AORF provides their mission statement as well as a list of facts regarding the Appalachian region that you may find useful.

Good luck! Let us know if we can be of more assistance.