The answer to this depends a lot on what information is already on the “geographical maps” that you are supposed to ask your teacher about. Here are some possibilities, but whether they will work for you depends on what your maps already show.
- Where are there mountain ranges on these maps? This is an important question because it helps you understand how easy or difficult it was for the Romans to get from place to place to conquer and maintain their empire.
- Where did the Romans build major roads? This would help you understand how extensive the Roman road network was.
- Where did the Romans have major cities? This shows you which of the cities of today’s Europe started out as Roman cities.
- By what dates did the Romans conquer various places on the map? This would help you to understand how quickly the empire spread and how long it was in existence.
- When did Rome lose control of various places on the map? This can help you understand a little bit about how the empire declined.
Hopefully at least some of these will be useful to you.
One good question to ask is who the cartographer is. Maps, like other artifacts, contain bias. When studying maps it is important to identify who made the map and their purpose for making it. For example, if one country wants to seem defenseless against another and is asking a separate country for defense, they may use a map to allow themselves to look smaller. Map symbols can also be used for propaganda. His topically, cartographers have used small pictures or other powerful images to convey a message on the map. A good question could relate to the maps symbols and images.