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cburr eNotes educator| Certified Educator

The Globe Theatre in London is perhaps the most famous theatre in the world.  Shakespeare was a part owner of the theatre.

The Globe was nearly round -- archaeologist say it was actually a 20-sided polygon.  The stage stuck out from one part, which a little room for costume changes behind it.  One three sides of the stage there was the "one penny" area where audience members could stand.  Behind that area was a three-story seating area that also wrapped around three sides of the stage.  Those seats were two pennies each.  For the most part the theatre was open to the air.

The theatre burned down in 1613 from a cannon shot during a performance of Shakespeare's Henry VIII.  It was rebuilt in 1614, but then closed in 1642 and torn down in 1644 by Cromwell's government.  Shakespeare was long dead at that point.  A modern reconstruction of the theatre now stands near the original spot in London.

For lots more information, read the article at the link below.

rmrose | Student

Incidentally, the timber and material for The Globe was "stolen" from London's oldest and very famous venue, named, appropriately enough, "The Theatre."

The company of shareholders of which Shakespeare was a member, armed with tools, and weapons -- props borrowed from another theatre, "The Curtain," stormed onto property owned by Giles Allen, on December 28, 1598. Led by Richard and Cuthbert Burbage, they tore down the edifice of The Theatre, and carried it toward The Thames. It is unknown if Shakespeare participated.

Later, in spring of 1599, it was that material, which was sometime transported to Southwark, that used to build The Globe.

Richard and Cuthbert's father, James, entered a lease agreement with Allen. James cleverly worded a clause, specifying that while Allen owned the land, James owned The Theatre (that is the building itself).

Allen refused to renew the lease, when Burbage died, forcing the company out of The Theatre, rendering them homeless.

The shareholders quickly formed, pooled their money, and secured a 30 year lease on a parcel of land in Southwark on Christmas day, 1598. The site of The Globe.

With knowledge of the clause in the lease with Allen, and hoping the legal interpretation would side with them, they proceeded to tear the building down, with the intention of recycling the timber for their new theatre, The Globe.

Allen sued the shareholders to prevent them from using the timber, but they prevailed. Public records of these events still exist.

bobbybrittany | Student

its a theater in london. Shakespeare performed many of his plays there.